(Re)Collecting the Vietnam War

21 July 1954 - Geneva Agreements end First Indochina War

Dublin Core

Title

21 July 1954 - Geneva Agreements end First Indochina War

Description

On 21 July 1954, the Geneva Agreements end the First Indochina War, temporarily dividing Việt Nam along the 17th parallel into two zones for the two rival military forces: the pro-democracy forces in the south and the Communist Việt Minh in the north. The question of reunification is supposed to be decided by a Việt Nam-wide election in 1956. However, the United States refuse to sign the declaration and proceed to support the government of the new Republic of Việt Nam (South Việt Nam) under the leadership of Emperor Bảo Đại and Ngô Đinh Diệm as prime minister. The Communist north declares its own separate state, the Democratic Republic of Việt Nam, with Hồ Chí Minh as its president. Nearly one million refugees, mostly Catholics, flee the north to the south in fear of persecution.

Date

1954-07-21

Files

Citation

“21 July 1954 - Geneva Agreements end First Indochina War,” (Re)Collecting the Vietnam War, accessed October 24, 2018, http://vietnamwar.neatline-uva.org/items/show/17.