(Re)Collecting the Vietnam War

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The First Indochina War breaks out all over Việt Nam between the French and Vietnamese, including both non-Communist and Communist forces.

On 5 May 1954, the Việt Minh, the Communist forces led by Hồ Chí Minh, hand French troops their worse defeat at Điện Biên Phủ, completely demoralizing the French troops in Việt Nam and the French politicians and diplomats.

On 21 July 1954, the Geneva Agreements end the First Indochina War, temporarily dividing Việt Nam along the 17th parallel into two zones for the two rival military forces: the pro-democracy forces in the south and the Communist Việt Minh in the…

1955-56, Land reform in North Việt Nam reaches its most radical phase as landlords go before "people's tribunals." Meanwhile, in July 1955, Hồ Chí Minh visits Moscow and accepts aid from the Soviet Union, having earlier negotiated in Beijing for…

In 1956-1957, Ngô Đinh Diệm uses emergency powers to crackdown on Việt Minh suspects and other dissidents in South Việt Nam. Meanwhile, Communist insurgent activity in South Việt Nam begins, with the decision to organize thirty-seven armed…

Cambodia gains independence from France on 9 November 1953 and becomes the Kingdom of Cambodia.

Facing domestic opposition from the Democratic Party, Norodom Sihanouk abdicates on 2 March 1955.

Norodom Sihanouk becomes prime minister of Cambodia on 15 September 1955 after his political organization, Sangkum, wins 83% of the votes in a national election.

Norodom Suramarit, father of Norodom Sihanouk, becomes King of Cambodia from 3 March 1955 until his death on 3 April 1960.

The French assembly passes the Elysée Agreement on 29 January 1950, granting limited autonomy to the Associated States of Indochina (Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia) within the French Union.
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